There are several graduate awards that fall into the category of “training fellowship”, with the most popular being the set of the National Institutes of Health’s F31 fellowships. These awards differ from traditional research fellowships in that they are offered to not only support research, but also to promote faculty mentorship that will enhance the student’s ability to be an independent researcher.
The F31 awards require the submission of a research training plan. The goal of this document is to demonstrate your research training potential and the scientific merit of the project. Key components of the research training plan are the Specific Aims and the Research Strategy:
This one-page document is a summary of the goals and expected outcomes of your research. These goals might include testing particular hypotheses, solving specific problems, refining a clinical practice, developing a new technology, etc. You will also address the impact of your results on the research field and should be clearly relevant to the interests of the Institute or Center under which you are applying.
This six-page document is where you discuss your project in terms of significance (how you are advancing your field) and approach (methods, strategy, and analysis for achieving your specific aims). In the significance section, situate your research in the field, and explain how your project will improve scientific knowledge, advance your field, and/or remove important barriers to progress. In the approach section, You should remember to address the ways that data will be collected, analyzed, and interpreted, resource sharing, potential problems and alternative strategies, hazards and precautions, and any courses you plan to take to support the research training.
An Introduction section is only necessary when resubmitting an application and an Innovation section is only necessary in some F31 cases.
Pay close attention to your specific funding opportunity to see if there are requirements to talk more about your training plan in the research section. In general, connect to the purpose of these fellowships, which is to develop a successful independent researcher working on an NIH-supported interest.